What is passive fire protection?

Passive fire protection (PFP) is designed components within a structure or building which help to compartment and slow the passage or spreading of smoke and fire throughout the building in the unfortunate event of a fire. As the name suggest, these components work passively without movement or activation. Examples of passive fire protection include intumescent fire proof coatings, fire doors, sealed service penetrations and floor-ceiling fire barriers. Passive fire protection works to:

  • Stop the spread of fire and smoke through service penetrations
  • Slow the transfer of heat through fire rated structures in the event of a fire (insulation)
  • Slow the spread of fire from it's compartment of origin

What is the difference between active and passive fire protection?

As passive fire protection works to prevent and limit the spread of fire and smoke throughout a building, active fire protection is responsible for detecting and stopping a fire and allowing occupants to escape safely. Both active and passive fire protection systems should be used in conjunction with one another in order to produce an effective fire safety system. Some examples of active fire protection include (but are not limited to):

  • Sprinkler systems
  • Fire alarms
  • Emergency fire lighting
  • Fire extinguishers

What is a fire compartmentation survey?

When a Fire Risk Assessment has been conducted on your premises, one of the resulting actions from your fire action plan could be an instruction to undertake a Fire Compartmentation Survey. The is usually the result of numerous breaches in compartmentation being highlighted within the premises, posing a high level of danger in the event of a fire.